Jan 182020
What Is Organic Gardening – Essential Step-By-Step Guide

What Is Organic Gardening? Organic gardening is a very interesting thing. It involves cultivating plants, fruits, and vegetables completely in a natural way without the use of any harmful fertilizers, pesticides or insecticides.

The entire process of organic gardening is devoid of any synthetic products and thus it is extremely safe for human beings.

Organic gardening also takes care of the natural resources and replenishes them promptly.

Organic gardening considers plants as a vital part of the larger natural ecosystem that includes everything like water supply, soil, wildlife, people and insects.

Nowadays everyone is concerned about providing healthy food to their family which is free from any harmful chemicals or synthetic products.

Thus every organic gardener strives to achieve this target and takes measures to ensure that his or her activities are in line with the natural ecosystem to reduce exploitation and replenish the natural resources consumed by his garden.



Strategies for Organic Gardening

There are three main areas you need to concentrate on to achieve the objectives of organic gardening.

The first and foremost thing is soil management which is dealt with by using organic fertilizers which are produced naturally and not harmful to the soil or environment in any way.

The second aspect is weed management which is done with the help of organic ground coverings and manual labor.

The third one and vital aspect is pest control which is taken care of by companion planting and promotion of beneficial insects.

These three strategies are the most important aspects you need to take care of to do organic gardening successfully.

You need to have adequate knowledge about organic gardening and learn about certain simple fundamental concepts to get the best results



Steps for Organic Gardening

There are certain vital steps that you need to follow to do organic gardening in the right way. Have a look at them in the lines below:


1. Soil Preparation


It is the soil that bears the utmost importance when it comes to organic gardening. Organic matter is added continuously to the soil from the sources which are available locally in every possible way.

The soil on which the plants will grow needs to be prepared thoroughly if you want your plants to be healthy. Plants also require food just like human beings and their food supply comes from the soil.

So it is important to ensure that the plants get plenty of nutrients to grow well.

Your plants will get all the vital nutrients only if the soil is conditioned properly. Chemical soil treatment is extremely harmful to the soil.

They not only destroy the soil composition but also harm the vital worms, bacteria, and microorganisms in the soil.

You will need to test the PH level of the soil at the beginning with the help of a home testing kit.

Alternatively, you can also take some soil samples and send them to the local agricultural testing lab for authentic testing and analysis.


2. Make Good Quality Compost

What-Is-Organic-Gardening-Make Good Quality Compost

Compost is another vital aspect of organic gardening. It provides adequate nutrients to the plants, helps in the conservation of water, reduces the growth of weeds and keeps away landfill waste.

Compost can be naturally made from waster products such as kitchen waste, grass trimmings, leaves, and yard garbage. You can also easily buy compost organic garden centers or mulch suppliers.

If you want to make compost by yourself you can follow the steps mentioned below for best results.

  • You will need three square feet of space.
  • Make a pile of dead leaves and plants.
  • Make alternative layers of garden trimming, leaves nitrogen found in green materials. Manure and kitchen leftovers can be used easily for this purpose. Separate them with a layer of soil.
  • Use 4 to 6 inches of soil to cover the pile
  • Turn the pile after the addition of a new layer to the mixture. Add an adequate amount of water to keep the mixture moist to boost the growth of microorganisms.
  • In case smell comes out from the compost add straw or sawdust, more dry leaves and turn it regularly. This process will take up to a month to have adequate compost ready for you.



3. Making Your Garden Ready


During the time you wait for your compost to become ready, you can concentrate on preparing your garden.

Once you receive the green signal from the local agricultural officer regarding the soil type you can start preparing the garden area.

You can use appropriate tools to prepare the garden but make sure you do everything with the utmost care so that it does not destroy the soil.


4. Choose the Plants Carefully


Once the garden is ready it is the time to select the right plant for your garden based on your preference. Testing and soil sampling will be a vital aspect at this stage.

It is important to choose the plants wisely so that they can grow well based on the suitability of the plants with the specific microorganisms in the soil.

Analyze the different spots of the garden depending on soil quality, moisture, drainage sunlight exposure and choose the plants wisely based on these factors.

It is important to note that the healthier your plants are the more resistant they will be to the attackers.

The crops which get more adapted to the climatic conditions of the garden grow well with minimum intervention and they tend to develop natural immunity against harmful bacteria and germs.

The crop productivity will boost naturally and you will have to take very little care of them.

Also, make it a point to purchase seedlings that have been grown without harmful chemicals and synthetic pesticides.

While buying plants select them carefully so that they look healthy and avoid plants with overcrowded roots.



5. Use Beds for Plantation


It is advisable to plant the crops in a wide bed as it prevents anyone from walking over them and keeps the soil surface intact at the time of harvesting or flower cutting.

Moreover, the grouping of the crops helps in the reduction of weeds prevents water wastage and makes it easy for you to add compost to the soil when required.

The plants can also utilize the available water and nutrients from the soil easily.

It should be ensured that sufficient space is left between the rows because it helps in air circulation and prevents the fungal attack.


6. Water the Crops Regularly


Once the crops have been planted it is important to water them timely to maintain them.

It is always a wise idea to immediately water the pants post-planting so that they remain healthy and grow at a fast pace. Make it a point to water them every day in the morning so that the plants remain hydrated.

Moreover, there are no strong winds in the morning, it is relatively cooler at that time and the water loss due to evaporation can be reduced to a great extent.



7. Clear The Weeds


Weeds are harmful to your plants and can reduce the growth of the crops by taking away the water and valuable nutrients from the soil.

They can also occupy a lot of space and reduce the growing area for your crops. Weeds can also contaminate the commodity in crops and affect crop quality.

Moreover, unwanted weed growth in your plantation area can cause several diseases to the crops and might act as a shelter for the insects.


8. Provide Vital Nutrients To Plants


In the case of organic gardening, you need to avoid chemical fertilizers and pesticides at all costs and find out environment-friendly ways to provide vital nutrients to your plants.

You need to provide adequate moisture, water, and sunlight to your plants so that they can grow in a better way. To avoid the use of chemical fertilizers, you need to focus and emphasize on companion planting and promotion of beneficial or good insects.

People who are engaged in organic farming use innovative ways to tackle insects and diseases. Instead of using any chemical products for pest control they try to keep diseases and pest below danger level by adopting different natural methods.

One of the important ways of pest control in organic gardening is done by promoting good insects and predators of pests such as spiders, bats, lizards, toads, and birds.

The companion crops also help a lot in maintaining the ecological balance of different species.

Pest control is done by removing infected buds or leaves, crop rotation, infected crop removal and by handpicking the eggs of the insects and pests.

Keeping the garden neat and clean is also another effective way of organic pest control.

It is also advisable to use natural pesticides and sprays over and above the traditional organic pest control methods for better results.

You can easily get these products from the organic garden centers and they contain neem oil, bacterium Bacillus and copper.

The natural property of these products to break down easily has widely promoted their use in place of chemical pesticides and insecticides.

You can also use natural sprays to control some diseases and pests in fruits and vegetables.



9. Use Organic Fertilizers


Organic fertilizers and natural compost play a pivotal role in organic gardening. It improves nutrient and water retention in the soil and helps in the healthy and productive growth of plants.

But you need to remember that there are limited nutrients available in the soil.

Thus apart from compost, the process of organic farming requires the use of additional fertilizers made from natural resources such as rock phosphate, wood ash, manure, and animal byproducts.

Another natural byproduct is agricultural lime which can be added frequently to the soil to increase its quality. Agricultural lime is produced from limestone and can optimize the PH level of the soil if it is too acidic.

The PH level of the soil is not similar at all places and varies from one locality to the other. You can take advice and guidance on soil PH level testing from the local extension office in your area.

However, additional liming is not required for most of the soil.


10. Taking Care Of Your Garden


After everything is ready and set up for operation the last thing to do is taking proper care of your organic garden so that it grows and the plants and crops remain healthy for a long time.

We have listed certain good habits which you must follow routinely for the best results from your garden. These are as follows:

  1. Mulching
  2. Weeding at regular intervals
  3. Watering the plants and crops in the morning
  4. Use natural manure from herbivore animals
  5. Proper use of compost
  6. Prune the plants at regular intervals



Benefits of Organic Gardening

Organic gardening is not only beneficial for human beings but also has a well established positive effect on the environment around us.

So here we have highlighted some of the major benefits of organic gardening in the lines below:


Reduces Consumption of Harmful Pesticides And Chemical

As organic gardening is done naturally devoid of any chemical fertilizers or pesticides there is no risk of consuming those harmful substances through the crops or plants we eat.

The entire process of gardening is a part of the natural process and it is ensured that highest quality standards are maintained at all times.


Better Taste


Organic fruits and vegetables retain their natural taste and aroma due to their purity and taste far better than regular crops that are grown commercially.



Growing organic fruits, vegetables, and plants in your garden saves a lot of money wasted in buying them from shops and supermarkets.

Moreover, they are far better in quality than ordinary non-organic products.


Reduces Emission Of Greenhouse Gases


The crops which contain harmful chemicals release them into the atmosphere in the form of greenhouse gases.

The impurities around us combined with the greenhouse gases pollute the air we breathe in. But organic gardening is completely natural and thus prevents the bad effects.



Promotes Environment Conservation

The chemicals which are applied to the crops seeps into the soil and pollute the environment we live in.

The microorganism living in the sold are also.

Moreover, the chemical from the sprays gets mixed in the atmosphere and causes air pollution. Organic gardening on the other is done naturally and help to develop a toxic-free environment.


What Is Organic Gardening: The Final Verdict!

Thus to conclude we can say that organic gardening is highly beneficial for us and the environment.

More and more people should come forward and switch to organic gardening for a better tomorrow.

To read my review on organic fertilizer, please click here. 


A Few Final Thoughts

If you ever need a helping hand or have any questions on this product or want to leave a comment or a review of your own, please do so in the space provided below.

I will be more than happy to answer them as best to my knowledge and would enjoy hearing from you.

Click here to receive my free ebook – ‘How to Take the First Step: Understanding of Impact’.

If you want to join me on this journey, please use the social links below.

All the best,





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Reader Comments

  1. Hey Catherine,
    My wife and I are blessed to have an organic farmer in our area. He goes to farmers markets but also we are rather close to his farm. It’s good to learn the processes of organic farming.

    Interestingly, when I tell people that we have an organic farmer, they respond by saying that organic is too expensive. Our farmer is the cheapest out of all the other farmers in the farmers markets. It is more expensive than supermarket food, but not by much any more. And, just think about the benefits of not ingesting the pesticides or whatever can happen from GMO foods, etc.

    For anyone wondering organic really does taste better, think about this. My wife is not a big celery fan. Several months ago, she bought celery from our organic farmer, and she can’t get enough of it. She loves it. That’s just one example among many. It makes a HUGE difference.

    This is an information post and I added it to my Evernote post.


    1. Thank you for stopping by. You are lucky James, I used to live somewhere near to an organic farmer. I believe what you say about your wife noticing the difference. A friend of mine used to think it was a scam too but now I will only buy organic milk and eggs.

      The truth is, organic farming is actually cheaper because there are a lot of things that the farmers don’t have to buy – mainly fertilizers and medication for livestock. Farming without these components is beneficial to our health too!
      To read more on that subject please click here.

  2. Hey,

    Thank you for having a passion for being organic in your gardening methods, as it has been a passion of mine, like, forever hehe

    Anyway, what a great read and resource for those starting out an those who need a little fine-tuning.

    Cheers for this

  3. This post is just amazing and thanks to you for that.  Nowadays it is very difficult to find cultivated products on the market without using any harmful fertilizers, pesticides or insecticides. This is why there are more and more health problems that affect our lives. Without any knowledge’s about organic gardening until now I didn’t know how to do it. You have put here the most essential steps for this and thank you very much. Recently I moved from the apartment to the house and I even proposed to create my own garden. Thanks for this useful information and for the motivation to live healthily. Good luck! 

    1. You are more than welcome. I wish you the very best with setting up your new garden and I am excited about the healthier future you will have. 

  4. Hello EcoCatherine😊 Thank you for posting such valuable information. It’s a broad topic and I’m glad you pretty much covered it all. I enjoyed it from start to finish. I am also an avid gardener and I wish I had a much bigger backyard. Actually I dream of living in the country with my own greenhouse with chickens running around. I bookmarked your site for future reference


  5. Hi Catherine, For such a long article I was very impressed how you made to make it so engaging. I have always like the idea of gardening but just don’t really have the time. Maybe something I can do in the future without a doubt. What I really like about your article is how much you promote using the more organic options. My nan used to have a compost heap back in the day and she used to chuck everything on there can’t remember any food waste going in the bin ever. Anyway read your last article about the worm casings. Keep up the good work.

    1. Hi Alex, thank you for reading and I am pleased that you enjoyed it! I really do hope that you can find the time to do it because the food is good for you but spending time outside nurturing life is also good for the soul. All the best.

  6. I think with every passing day, more and more people are becoming aware of the health benefits of growing their foods organically and the toxicity effects of the pesticides and fertilizers. This is something I’m gradually integrating and hopefully, with time, I wouldn’t have to worry about any synthetic food supplies.

    The tips above are invaluable. Like I said, I’m already in the process of getting my own backyard garden ready and I’ll be sure to utilize this guide in its entirety.

    Great post

    1. It is fantastic to hear that you are practicing yourself. Please remember that I am always here to help you so reach out if you have any questions. 

  7. Let’s get closer to nature! Making the right preparation of the soil is vital. Compost type and level of compatibility are even more important when cultivating tubercles (like potatoes or cassava) as the level of compatibility effect it’s growing capability. 

    Weeds cleaning is very important, but I really hate getting on my knees to her the job done. Is there an alternate way (different than manually removing it) to get rid of them you could recommend?

    For me personally, the best benefit of my garden is the stress relief after work. Just sitting around the green is a dream come true. Limitations of the seasonal weather is an issue. I’m currently figuring out the way to get a greenhouse installed in my garden.

    Thanks for a post full of great recommendations!

  8. It’s nice if you live on a farm that nurtures both animals and plants as a real symbiosis can be built up.  The animals eat excess produce and weeds and in return give you manure to compost and then spread on your garden.  Also, if you have animals, you usually have straw which makes for a great ground cover to prevent weeds.  If you don’t have farm animals but have a farmer nearby, I would highly recommend hitting them up for manure!

  9. Your article is very important and I enjoyed reading it. The only thing I want is for me and my family to be free of chemicals.I am from Bangladesh and we have a lot of chemical products here and I want to get rid of them so I realized after your registration I needed to have an organic garden in front of my house. After reading this article, I got a full idea about an organic garden. I will note your information.


  10. Many thanks to you for sharing such an excellent article with us. I am so glad I have an organic garden in my area. I go to the Organic Garden occasionally and talk to the farmers there because it is so nice to learn about the process of organic gardening. However, many find it very expensive. But to me, it seems to be very cheap. I have a small organic garden and the fruits and vegetables I get from here I like very much. The food here is very tasty. But your article will be very helpful to me because you have described how to make it more productive. I will definitely follow these steps step by step. Your article is really very informative. I hope many more people are able to start organic gardening. 

  11. Thank you for the great information! My family is trying to eat healthier so this was really helpful! Hopefully we can implement our own organic garden once spring time rolls around. It’s always so hard ro find organic food in our town, so we’re really looking forward to creating our own garden. Thanks again!

  12. Having an organic garden can give a sense of satisfaction and accomplishment, and a place to be productive, can give a sense of purpose. I’ve been taking care of my garden for a very long time now, and have found it quite fulfilling, something to care for, watching growth and expansion of the garden, caring for something that needs your attention.

    It’s on a very different scale, like caring for children, that life needs you to help fulfill their roles. And the products of an organic garden, knowing that you are providing healthy foods to sustain you, what could possibly be better than that – to change your life, giving life a purpose, making one’s own food, and finding a sense of contentment in doing so. Within the confines of the garden, life would be satisfying, and that change is most welcome.

    I can say that everything that comes out of the garden tastes better than what I would otherwise buy at the store. From the tomatoes on my burgers and in my salads to the carrots that last into winter stews, everything is better.

    1. I am pleased to hear that you are already in this path, building a healthier future for you and your family. I agree with you, food from my garden also tastes better than anything I could buy at the store. 

  13. That’s such a great post!

    My husband and I started eating organic last year. We always get our vegetables from our farmer nearby and he charges us a very good price. This year we plan to grow our own vegetables.

    The steps are really understandable and easy to follow. We will definitely take your advice and follow the steps in order for organic gardening.

    Thanks again for this article and I can’t wait to read your next one.

    1. You are more than welcome. You are lucky to have an organic farmer in the local vicinity. This will ensure that you are getting good quality food that will support the health of you and your family. It is also good to support local farmers. I can’t wait to hear how you get on with your own vegetable garden. Keep me posted!

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