Water conservation is a worldwide issue that everyone should be concerned about. Thank you for finding this website, which means you may be serious about doing something to address this issue in your own way.
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What is Water Conservation
Water conservation is a collective effort to save water by eliminating redundant use. By redundant use, I mean all undertakings that use water that can be reduced or altogether forgone with.
This article is in support of the Water Conservation Day held every year on the 22nd of March in an effort to raise awareness of the pressing threat of water shortage.
Being a collective effort, it takes every citizen of this world to accomplish that. World leaders and legislators, environmental groups and urban planners may incorporate every policy, strategy, plans and actions. However, without support in the lower level, these endeavors are useless.
The biggest contributor to this immense campaign are those in the middle class. These are people who are conscious of how much they earn, what they can save and what they can afford to spend.
Working with them, you especially, is like harnessing a big machine that can afford change.
Let’s do this.
Why Is It Important
Before we can do anything, though, we must understand that our seemingly innocent activities do more harm to the environment than we can imagine.
Here are some basic facts about water that many of us may not realize.
Water is Life
Water is life. There are no truer words than this. Man is governed with the “rule of threes” to survive.
This “rule of threes” stipulates that man cannot survive 3 minutes without air, 3 days without water and 3 weeks without food.
Water Affects Quality of Life
Seeing that the human body is made up of 70% of water, it is important that the human body is regularly replenished with water – about 1 liter per 20 kgs of body weight.
So, if one weighs 70 kgs, he must consume 3.5 liters of water a day but if he is doing strenuous exercise or other activities that makes him sweat profusely, an additional 1 liter should be added to the daily requirement.
Water affects almost all metabolic activities of the body, from digestion to the excretion of the toxins from the body to the proper functioning of the brain.
A body that is constantly replenished with the right amount of water is less prone to almost all kinds of pain, less instability and more inner balance, less irritable, and believe it or not, heightened libido and sexual performance.
Juice, coffee, soup and other liquids doesn’t count. In fact, some of the liquids we take in are actually stealing water from the body.
Among those water stealers are coffee, green and black tea, and alcoholic beverages. If you drink these, be sure to replenish each serving with 2 or more servings of water.
Water retention is not a problem even if you take on lots of liquids. The most common cause of water retention in our body is the amount of our sodium intake.
Don’t blame water for the bloated feeling. Blame the excessive salt and all sodium sources from our food and drinks. To cut down the bloating, cut down the salt.
What are we without food? Based on the rule of threes, we’re dead if we do not take on any food after three weeks.
By then, our systems have severely broken down due to the body’s attempt to offset the lack of food to digest by first using the fat tissues. Then, the body will feed on the muscles, until eventually the major systems of the body will collapse, resulting in death.
Water plays a very important role in agriculture. A 1,000 square meter garden needs 3,500 liters of water during the summer.
One square meter of garden plot can produce about 750 grams of produce during the growing season which is a huge help to the household.
Not only plants need water but livestock as well. In fact, a cow can consume about 30 liters of water per day and even a full-grown chicken can consume half a liter.
The same is true in large agriculture ventures. It only shows us just how important water is in our lives.
Can you imagine an intravenous drip without water? Or a hospital operating with limited amounts of water? How about a research facility with little access to water?
A huge number of medical procedures require water. On the average, a 100-bed hospital needs an average of 25,000 cubic meter of water per year, including the water used for the actual medical purposes, disinfection and sanitation.
Water usage in the medical industry is far-reaching than we ever realize, many of which are a person’s only hold to continue his life. An example of this is hemodialysis – a person under this procedure uses huge amounts of water and the procedure cannot be carried out without it.
Preserve the Earth
If water is needed for the preservation of human life, the world we live in needs it more to sustain life. Water keeps the global temperature stable, provides nourishment for wildlife and maintains the balance of life.
Water for Sports & Recreation
Even since time immemorial, water had provided for recreation and today’s society had tapped on to this wonderful resource for recreation in more ways than one.
It is very hard to imagine a city with at least one swimming pool where people can come to bond with their families. Imagine how boring life could be without wave pools.
Though it might have taken a rather recent boost in the number of new wave pools all over the world, wave pools made history in as early as the 19th century in an effort to bring the “sea” into the inland pools.
Countless businesses are anchored in water – no wonder many had invested so much into a water source before even starting on their business operation. Imagine a golf club without lots of water and how they can keep their green healthy.
A lot of sports activities also make use of water. Swimming, surfing, sailing, wakeboarding and the exhilarating cliff diving are just some of these sports.
Water for Industries
A lot of industries also depend on water. Foremost in this is the tourism industry. Among the most visited tourist destinations in the world features water as its allure.
How different would be a visit to the Statue of Liberty if it was not erected on Ellis Island. There will be no Golden Gate Bridge without a huge strait to span over. Imagine the Venice Grand Canal without the water in it.
We cannot discount water’s role in power generation. In the US alone, hydropower provides 52% of renewable energy generation, amounting to 7.44 % of the total electricity generated.
Of the renewable energy sources, hydropower has the highest percentage in renewable energy followed by wind with biomass, solar and geothermal a far competitor. .
Production of a variety of everyday items requires water.
Manufacturing of canned goods and other frozen food and beverages requires a large amount of water, both during the sanitation and actual processing activities.
Water purification had also become an industry in itself. With more and more water sources becoming contaminated, water purification is considered a must in most countries.
Alluring as these countries may sound with their beautiful beaches, the Bahamas, Fiji, Thailand and the Maldives are some countries where you are not supposed to drink from the tap.
Cars may give us the convenience but an average car needs about 175,000 liters of water to produce. Every phase of the fabrication process needs water.
Even the production of paper and all its derivatives need water to produce.
Ways to Conserve Water
The best way to conserve water is in the household where we have more control. Being aware of water usage and how it impacts the environment and to mankind is one way to remind us of our personal responsibilities.
Maximize Use of Available Water
Reserve use of clean water to the more important uses such as in cooking, bathing and washing clothes. Harvesting rainwater is as easy as having some containers under your gutter spout to store rainwater.
This can be used for washing your hands and produce or for watering needs in the garden and livestock or small domesticated birds.
We produce so much greywater everyday when we take our shower, wash produce or our hands. No chemicals, including heavy detergents, were used in greywater.
Treated well, this water can be used to flush the toilet or water your garden, even wash clothes. However, the latter needs a more advanced technology before it can happen.
Use Energy Efficient Appliances
Since a large portion of our energy needs comes from hydroelectric power plants, conserving electricity use is one way to reduce water usage.
Inverter appliances are more energy efficient than conventional appliances. The digital compressors have smart temperature control that monitors temperature levels, resulting in less heat release.
Inverter appliances also have reduced CFC and carbon dioxide emissions which also reduces global warming.
Stop/Reduce Food Wastage
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), at least ⅓ or a staggering 1.3 billion tons of the total food produced are lost during the production process or goes to waste in the households.
As food production needs a large amount of water, so food wastage also results in water loss.
To reduce food wastage, menu planning is a must. Proper storage of pantry staples and keeping of cooked food also help in reducing food waste.
The more we eat processed food, the more we indirectly use water. Try to eat less meat as one kilogram of meat uses up to 5 times more water than other food crops.
Limit eating out and take outs to special occasions. These food establishments employ more people which require more people to keep clean, need more utensils to clean for a single meal.
Cooking at home, even if you don’t grow your own food, it is still more water-efficient.
Mulching or dumping the cut grass and other organic matters on the base of trees is one way to reduce watering them. The moisture built by the mulch is usually enough to keep the tree functioning properly.
When the mulch is composted, it also improves the soil makeup which also reduces the need to water the plants in the garden.
Another way to mulch is to apply plastic sheets to garden plots. As in grass mulch, it also reduces the need to water the plants.
Practice the 3Rs
Repurpose old clothes
The textile and garments industry uses a large amount of water, not to mention spout out high temperatures during the production process.
Repurposing old clothes and giving them new life is one way to save money while at the same time save the resources.
Buy in Bulk
Buying products in sachets and single-serve packages eventually pack a lot of waste, even if many of the packaging materials now are recyclable.
Items that could be bought in bulk are pantry staples like flour, rice and sugar, personal care items like shampoo, lotions and shower gels, and home cleaning items like toilet cleaner, detergent and fabric conditioners.
Be careful to take note of the expiry date so these are not wasted also.
Use Reusable Shopping Bags
Less plastic is used, less ends up in the waterways. This also leads to healthier rivers, creeks and seas so it can support more life in it.
Repurpose Old Materials
There are tons of tutorial videos on how to repurpose old bottles, cans, plastic containers, paper and cardboard boxes, even car tires. Make use of these tutorials to turn your garbage into works of art and possibly, a way to earn.
Composting helps to reduce greenhouse gases which results in a lower atmospheric temperature which eventually results in keeping our seas and oceans at a stable temperature.
Applying compost to soil improves the water-retention capacity of the water and also helps to grow better plants, resulting in better produce.
Make Use of Waste to Energy/Materials Programs
If throwing out the garbage is inevitable, make use of waste to energy programs of your locality. However, there is still a controversy as to if these programs actually help the environment since they also produce a lot of heat.
There are also materials fabrication plants that convert old plastics into monobloc chairs, eco-bricks and other materials which can give plastics a new life.
In the end, it is always your decision that will push you to make conscious choices. I hope you do your part in preserving our world by working together to conserve water.
Here’s a video of how pressing is the water crisis and what we can do to mitigate it.
A Few Final Thoughts
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